Is our daily life as simple as it seems to be? Do we make our own decisions? Does our mind trick us at times? The choices we make, our actions, our thoughts; they all seem to be the result of our own free will but is it really? Our mind tricks us at times as it is conditioned without us even knowing by the environment around us and the people we meet. To bring a few in the spotlight, these are a few psychological phenomena that occur in our daily life that will change your perspective of your behaviour.
1. Boiling Frog Syndrome -
This phenomena is named after an actual experiment that was conducted where a frog is put in a pot full of water which is slowly heated. As the water temperature increases, the frog adjusts its body temperature as a result. Just when the water is about to reach its boiling point, the frog can no longer adjust itself, the frog decides to jump. It tries to jump, but cannot as it has used up all of its strength adjusting its body temperature which causes the frog to die. How does this apply to us? We tend to stay in the boiling water which are the seemingly small problems till they drain us mentally but by then we are in too deep. We all have to adjust to both people and situations, but we have to be sure about when we need to adjust and when we need to keep moving forward. There are moments when we need to face up to the situation and take the appropriate action.
2. Availability Heuristic -
A heuristic is a mental shortcut that allows an individual to make a decision, pass judgment, or solve a problem quickly and with minimal mental effort. The availability heuristic describes the mental shortcut in which someone estimates whether something is likely to occur based on how quickly examples come to mind. People tend to overestimate the probability of plane crashes, homicides, and shark attacks, for instance, because examples of such events are easily remembered. This is also used to justify negative behavioural traits by using examples of different instances as a way to defend the behaviour or habit that is being practiced.
3. The Crab Bucket Effect -
Observations show that a caught crab can only crawl out of a bucket alone. When there are other crabs inside, they start dragging the escapee down. Crabs in a bucket is a metaphor for how people in a group will try to pull those individuals down who are progressing beyond the group or improving themselves in some way. We do this through downplaying, criticism, discouragement, harsh words, and unkind actions. The crab back mentality is encapsulated by the phrase, “If I can’t have it, neither can you.” People subconsciously don't want someone around them to change their life for the better because they themselves will look worse by comparison. This is commonly seen in teenagers and adults.
4. The Dr. Fox Effect -
An experiment conducted had a couple of teachers bring in an actor who had no knowledge of the topic that was being discussed but the students listening felt entranced by the lecture that they believed he was an expert in the field. This effect is as strong as it is potentially dangerous: it makes dubious information appealing to the public. The reason is charisma. Most people trust the words of an eloquent speaker, often failing to notice breaches in logic or even false information. Words of more competent but less convincing people, at the same time, seem less important. This is the reason fake news is easily spread as it is displayed and talked about in a manner that activates this effect on us.
5. Baader-Meinhof Phenomenon -
Baader-Meinhof phenomenon. It’s got an unusual name, that’s for sure. Even if you’ve never heard of it, chances are that you’ve experienced this interesting phenomenon, or you soon will. IIn short, Baader-Meinhof phenomenon is a frequency bias. You notice something new, at least it’s new to you.Suddenly, you’re aware of that thing all over the place. But in reality, there’s no increase in occurrence. It’s just that you’ve started to notice it. Baader-Meinhof phenomenon sneaks up on us, so we usually don’t realize it as it’s happening. Think of all you’re exposed to in a single day. It’s simply not possible to soak in every detail. Your brain has the job of deciding which things require focus and which can be filtered out. When you’re exposed to brand-new information, especially if you find it interesting, your brain takes notice. These details are potentially destined for the permanent file, so they’re going to be front and center for a while.
Some actions and thoughts are noticeable when developed and shaped by the world around us but there are various thoughts and actions that we have developed over time subconsciously.Our brains are strange and wonderful places, capable of greatness and atrocity. An understanding of how the brain works might help us avoid the misconceptions and mistakes, but it will surely help us strive for the best version of ourselves..